Survey reveals councils acquiring properties across the UK for vulnerable families due to welfare cuts and high London rents.
Local authorities in London are preparing to send thousands of homeless families to live in temporary homes outside the capital, in defiance of ministerial demands that people should continue to be housed locally.
Councils are acquiring properties across Kent, Essex, Hertfordshire, Berkshire, Sussex, and further afield to cope with an expected surge in numbers of vulnerable families presenting as homeless as a result of welfare cuts from next April.
They say booming rents across the capital, coupled with the introduction next April of stringent benefit caps, leave them in an impossible position, with no option but to reluctantly kickstart an exodus of poorer families from the capital by placing homeless households in cheaper areas often many miles from their home borough.
Draft guidance issued by ministers in May says councils must “as far as is reasonably practicable” secure accommodation for homeless families within their own borough. This was ordered by the then housing minister Grant Shapps in the wake of reports that Newham council planned to relocate households to Stoke-on-Trent, a proposal Shapps, now Conservative party chairman, described as “unfair and wrong”.
But Guardian research shows London councils have acquired rental properties in Luton, Northampton, Broxbourne, Gravesend, Dartford, Slough, Windsor, Margate, Hastings, Epping Forest, Thurrock, and Basildon, and are considering accommodation as far away as Manchester, Hull, Derby, Nottingham, Birmingham, and Merthyr Tydfil in south Wales.
Councils said the exodus of homeless families was inevitable because there is virtually no suitable private rented temporary accommodation for larger families in London that is affordable within government-imposed housing benefit allowances, which are capped at a maximum £400 a week.
“It is going to be practically impossible to provide affordable accommodation to meet our homelessness duties in London. As the pressures increase we will be looking to procure well out of London, and even out of the home counties,” said Ken Jones, director of housing and strategy at Barking and Dagenham council in east London.
All but four of the 33 London boroughs responded to the Guardian survey. Seventeen said they are already placing homeless families outside the capital, or have secured or are considering temporary accommodation outside London for future use.
These included Kensington and Chelsea, which has already moved a minority of homeless families to Manchester and Slough; Waltham Forest, which has acquired housing in Luton, Margate and Harlow; Brent, which has relocated some households to Hastings; and Tower Hamlets which has relocated a handful of families to Northampton.
Hackney council, which said it currently manages to house 93% of families accepted as homeless within the borough, and the remainder elsewhere in the capital, said it was now “reluctantly looking to procure accommodation outside London”.
Councils expect a wave of legal challenges from homeless residents who will cite government guidance to argue that their offer of accommodation outside the capital is “unsuitable” because of the negative impact it will have on their health, or their children’s education, according to a new study published by the charity Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG).
The CPAG report warns that thousands of homeless families already placed in expensive temporary accommodation in the capital will now face being uprooted for a second time. Councils could face the choice of picking up the bill for the rent shortfall for these households – expected to run to tens of millions of pounds a year – or moving the families to cheaper homes outside the capital.
Alison Garnham, CPAG chief executive, said: “Families are facing the impossible situation of being told to move to cheaper accommodation that just doesn’t exist with London’s rising rents. London boroughs are staring at a black hole in their budgets as a result, with costs transferred from central to local government.
“There’s still time for government to do the sensible thing and think again when these reforms are debated in parliament before thousands of London’s families find themselves uprooted, overcrowded and thrown into turmoil.”
MPs are expected to debate regulations which will set out the detail of how the benefit cap will work at a Commons legislation committee meeting on Tuesday.
Government guidance states: “Homeless households may not always be able to stay in their previous neighbourhoods. However the government considers that it is not acceptable for local authorities to make compulsory placements automatically hundreds of miles away, without having proper regard for the disruption this may cause to those households.”
The CPAG report, based on detailed interviews with 11 London local authorities, also found many working households will also face substantial income shortfalls as a result of housing benefit caps. Councils report that families are reluctant to move if this would disrupt their childrens’ schooling or cut them off from relatives and friends, triggering fears this could lead to a surge in overcrowding as families improvise by sharing properties or trading down to smaller flats.
Although it had been anticipated that affordable private rents in expensive inner city areas such as Westminster would be scarce, the acute housing shortage in the capital means market rents outstrip benefit cap levels in cheaper outer London boroughs including Haringey, Waltham Forest, and Barking and Dagenham.
Families have already begun to move from inner London to the capital’s outer boroughs, with more expected from this month as transitional support for families affected by the housing benefit caps runs out. The government had hoped that the housing benefit reforms would force landlords to reduce rents to within cap limits.
But councils say the spiralling demand for private rented property from tenants priced out of the housing market means most landlords see no reason to drop rents, and a substantial number say they will no longer consider renting to people who are claiming housing benefit.
Some councils have estimated that up to a third of families affected by the introduction of the £26,000 benefit cap, the local housing allowance cap and under-occupation penalties, known as the “spare room tax”, will lose around £100 a week. They face the option of finding work, moving into smaller and cheaper accommodation, or presenting to the local authority as homeless.
Most authorities have attempted to identify and advise residents at risk of losing income as a result of welfare changes. But there is acceptance among officials that many of the families affected will have few options.
One cabinet member for housing in an inner city borough said: “Let’s face it, a lot of people with more than two or three children, and who are dependent on benefits in this borough are not going to be here for very much longer.”
Although ministers have introduced a £165m discretionary housing fund for London councils in 2013-14 to help families who can make a special case for staying, the CPAG report estimates that this is inadequate and amounts to less than 10% of the shortfall in benefit income caused by benefit changes.
Councils say some of the households who will be hit by the benefit cap have also been identified by them as needing support under the “troubled families” scheme. But they fear a public backlash if they prioritise them for discretionary housing payments because this would send out a signal that “problematic behaviour was being rewarded”.
• Additional research by Irene Baque